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Alternative Names
  • Irish in Australia


Irish migrants to Australia have had considerable impact of the nation's development. 50,000 Irish convicts were transported to Australia, including large numbers of women, a significant number for political reasons (up to c.10%). Non-convict Irish immigration began in the 1830s. In Australia, Irish migrants formed a higher proportion of the population than in other migrant destinations such as the United States of America or New Zealand.

Anti-Irish sentiment, in particular as part of anti-Catholic prejudice has occasionally occurred, but not on a level seen in other societies.

A peak 228,000 Irish born Australians occurred in 1891.

See Patrick O'Farrell, The Irish in Australia (1986); Chris McConville, Croppies, Celts and Catholics (1987).



  • Direct Action 10, no. 10, Socialist Youth Alliance, Sydney, September 1971. Image PDF Details
  • Direct Action 24, no. 24, Socialist Workers League, Sydney, 3 August 1972. Image PDF Details
  • Angry People, no. 15, no. 15, Angry People, 1998. images PDF Details
  • Singer, Ignatius (ed.), Our Commonwealth, vol. 1, no. 1, 1886, 8 pp. Image PDF Details

Newspaper Articles

  • 'Socialism in Sydney', The Radical (Hamilton, Newcastle, N.S.W.), 1 October 1887. Image PDF Details